New book tells story of another Billy Sunday, notorious leader of the Dixie Mafia


WINDER, Ga. —The late Billy Sunday Birt didn’t live up to his namesake, the famed evangelist who impacted countless lives in the early 1900s through his powerful preaching.

Birt, the reputed leader of the Dixie Mafia that operated out of northeast Georgia in the 1960s and 1970s, had been convicted in three murders, although authorities suspect he may have killed more than 50 people.

Georgia journalist Phil Hudgins and Birt’s wife, Ruby Nell Birt, teamed up to tell Birt’s story in the true crime account Grace and Disgrace, which chronicles the life of a man who fell far short of the respected gospel preacher his parents had named him after.

“The name didn’t take,” Hudgins said.

The original Billy Sunday was a professional baseball player turned evangelist who became the Billy Graham of the early 1900s, traveling the country telling people about Jesus.

In his research, Hudgins said he discovered that Birt apparently found redemption thanks to the ministry of a member of Gideons International, the late Dr. Charles Bryant Skelton, who had been a family practitioner in Winder, about 50 miles northeast of Atlanta. Skelton explained the gospel to Birt through hand-written letters he sent to him in prison.

Mrs. Birt described her husband as a conflicted man: a hardened killer who was known to buy groceries for the elderly and give money to needy children.

“All I can say is what I’ve always said: ‘He was two people in one,’” Mrs. Birt said in the book.

Hudgins said Birt had been born into poverty in the southern Appalachians where he turned to crime to support himself and his family.

“Billy Birt was, without a doubt, one of the most prolific killers in the history of our country,” said retired Georgia Bureau of Investigation agent Bob Ingram in an interview with the Atlanta Journal-Constitution last year.

In the book, Hudgins wrote about Skelton’s letter in which he assured Birt that God was willing to forgive his sins, just as he had done for others throughout Bible history.

“Thanks for taking the time to write me,” Birt wrote in response. “That was the most beautiful letter, and you made so much sense. You wrote it so such a fool like myself can understand what you mean.”

After receiving the letter, Hudgins said Birt started reading the Bible. At first, he did so in an attempt to prove Skelton wrong.

“He couldn’t believe that God could forgive a man like him,” Hudgins wrote. “Surely Doc was wrong. God cannot — does not — forgive mass murderers. In the end, however, the Bible proved Doc right. God can forgive even the vilest offender, even a murderer. No one is beyond redemption through Christ, not even Billy Sunday Birt.”

Some years later, Hudgins wrote, Birt was baptized, courtesy of a sheriff who had played a part in leading him to Christ.

Hudgins described Birt, who died in prison, as a highly intelligent man.

“He used his intelligence for all the wrong reasons,” Hudgins wrote. “He was guilty of many horrible criminal acts, but, at the end, he was a believer in Jesus Christ and was not condemned.”